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Beyond the Standard Cosmological Model


  • Subir Sakar
  • Rudolfg Peierls Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford
  • Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen

Starts at: 20 September 2017
11:15 am, auditorium Α31


The ‘standard’ model of cosmology is founded on the basis that the expansion rate of the universe is accelerating at present — as was inferred from the Hubble diagram of Type Ia supernovae. There exists now a much bigger database of supernovae so we can perform rigorous statistical tests to check whether these ‘standardisable candles’ indeed indicate cosmic acceleration. Taking account of the empirical procedure by which corrections are made to their absolute magnitudes to allow for the varying shape of the light curve and extinction by dust, we find, rather surprisingly, that the data are still quite consistent with a constant rate of expansion. This motivates discussion of the foundations of the standard model, in particular whether dark energy really exists.